Cemented Vs Strobel Construction

We have talked here before about the two top quality constructions most commonly used in footwear. Today we will talk more about the lower end, and maybe more casual shoes in terms of look and price of course. There are some differences in terms of conform and feel in every construction, and here we will present you two head to head.

I'll talk about the difference between cemented and Strobel construction. In this post, you will be able to understand the different work that is made and some characteristics of each one.

• The cemented construction

In this process the upper is attached to the insole by cement (this is where the name comes from). The sole is attached to the lasted upper by an adhesive method. The result is the permanent bond between three elements (upper, insole, sole). There is no stitching. Many women and children shoes along with a large number of men’s dress and casual type of shoes are made following this process.

Cement Construction
Cement Construction

After flat lasting as for cemented, the sole is temporarily attached by adhesive. The last is slipped and the sole is stitched to the upper through the insole, forming a series of loops.

The chain stitches are hidden in the groves of the sole.( Cemented example)
The chain stitches are hidden in the groves of the sole.( Cemented example)

Pros:
• Less expensive
• Much quicker production
• Good for casual and dress shoes

Cons:
• Can’t be resoled
• Cheaper look
• Heavier construction

The Strobel Contruction
Used for most athletic shoes, Strobel requires the upper material to be sewn to a fabric bottom creating a “sock”. The upper and bottom are joined by a strobel stitch, using a strobel machine. With the upper sock tightly lasted, the upper is cemented to the outsole completing the shoe.

Strobel Contruction
Strobel Contruction
The chainstitch Strobel seam connecting the upper and the insole is easy to spot. Good for trainers or sneakers, but not suitable for outdoor footwear.
The chainstitch Strobel seam connecting the upper and the insole is easy to spot. Good for trainers or sneakers, but not suitable for outdoor footwear.

Pros:
• Very flexible shoe, good for sneakers
• Light and comfortable

Cons:
• Not suitable for outwear footwear
• Specific Strobel machine needed

Again, no method is objectively superior to any other and they all serve different purposes.

The cemented construction - we could say - is the most common, due to the production price, and time consuming process, with the advantage that can be used in a variety of styles.

When we are wearing a more comfortable and sport shoe, Strobel is a very interesting technique, due to being more flexible, giving the style a more athletic feel.

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